Biography text is a detailed description or account of a person’s life and written by someone else, it is non fiction text.
2. Generic Structure
- ORIENTATION (INTRODUCTION)
It is the opening paragraph, gives the readers the background information of the person. Biasanya berisi tentang biodata yang dinarasikan seperti nama lengkap, tempat dan tanggal lahir.
In events, should be chronological order. Tahap ini adalah bagian kejadian atau peristiwa yang dialami oleh tokoh. Berisi penjelasan suatu cerita baik itu berupa pemecahan masalah, proses berkarir, dan berbagai peristiwa yang pernah dialami oleh tokoh hingga mengantarkannya pada sebuah kesuksesan.
- RE-ORIENTATION (CLOSING)
It consist of conclusion or a comment or the writer. Tell about the echievement or the contribution of the person. Pada penutup, bagian ini berisi tentang pandangan penulis kepada tokoh yang dikisahkan. Reorentasi ini bersifat opsional, jadi boleh ada maupun tidak.
3. Grammar and language features
Use of simple past tense. Sebuah bentuk sederhana kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau. Menggunakan bentuk kata kerja kedua (verb 2)
-The family then moved to his stepfather’s home country.
-He was born on August 4, 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Temporal sequence (urutan waktu) and temporal conjunction (konjungsi temporal). Sebagai penghubung antara satu kalimat dengan kalimat lain dalam urutan waktu.
e.g. : His parents separated when he was two years old.
Focus on Specific participants
Use of Action verbs. kelompok kata yang menjelaskan sesuatu hal yang secara aktif dilakukan oleh tokoh.
e.g. : the family then moved to his stepfather’s home country.
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie is the third President of Indonesia. He was born on June 25, 1936 in Pare-Pare, South Sulawesi. He is the fourth of eight children in his family. His parents are Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and RA. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. He spent his childhood in Pare-Pare. Since he was a kid, he has shown his integrity and persistent behaviour. At school, Habibie whose hobbies are riding horse and reading book is famous for his intelligence.
Habibie’s father passed away due to heart attack when he was in elementary school. After that, his mother sold their vehicle and house and then moved to Bandung. As a single parent, Habibie’s mother worked hard to afford her life with her children.
In 1954, after Habibie graduated from senior high school in Bandung, he continued his study to Bandung Institute of Technology. He did not finish his study at ITB because at the same time he got a scholarship from The Ministry of education and Culture of Indonesia to study in Germany. He remembered that Bung Karno had ever said about the importance of plane development for Indonesia, and then he decided to take aerospace engineering with aeroplane construction specialty at Rhein Westfalen Aachen Technische Hochschule (RWTH), an institute of technology in Germany.
Cr. Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mytVmo83_KQ
- According to text; and the point who is B.J Habibie?
a. one of Indonesian national heroes
b. only the son of Tuanku Oesman Gelar Baginda Khatib
c. the third President of Indonesia
d. a lecturer
e. a doctor
Answer : C
- J Habibie was educated in…
a. Universitas Indonesia
b. Bandung Institute of Technology
c. Algemene Middelbare School (AMS) Jogja
d. Faculty of Law in Universiteit van Indonesie
Answer : B
- What is B.J Habibie specialization in 1954?
d. graduated from senior high school in Bandung
e. private law
- We found in the text that…
a. Habibie’s father passed away due to heart attack when he was in elementary school
b. Habibie graduated from senior high school in Bandung, he continued his study to Gajah Mada University
c. Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie is the first President of Indonesia
d. his mother sold their vehicle and house and then moved to Jakarta
e. He spent his childhood in Palembang