Disscusion Text


  1. Definition of Discussion Text
    Discussion is a kind of genre used to present (at least) two points of view about an issue. (salah satu jenis teks yang memberikan dua pendapat mengenai suatu hal) / Discussion is a text which presents a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text.
  2. Generic Structure of Discussion Text
    # Statement of Issue: stating the issue which is to discussed
    # List of Supporting Points: presenting the point in in supporting the presented issue
    # List of Contrastive Point: presenting other points which disagree to the supporting point
    # Recommendation: stating the writer’ recommendation of the discourse
  3. The Characteristics / Language Feature of Discussion Text:
    – Introducing category or generic participant
    – Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc
    – Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc
    – Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc
    – Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc
  4. Example
Generic Structure Title
Advanages and Disadvantages of Advertisement
Issue There are many reasons for both sides of the question, “Should we have printed advertisement’?” Many people have strong views and feel that ads are nothing more than useless junk mail, while other people feel it is important source information.
Advantages There are some reasons why we should have advertisement in newspaper and magazines. One reason is ads give us information about what is available. Looking at ads we can find out what is on sale and what is new in the market. This is an easy way of shopping. Another reason is that advertisement promotes business. When shop owners compete against each other the buyer saves money, more people come to their shops and they sell more goods.
Disadvantages On the other hand, some people argue that ads should not be put in newspapers and magazines for these various reasons. Firstly, ads cost the shopkeepers a lot of money to print onto paper. Also some people don’t like finding junk mail in their letter boxes. Ads also influence people to buy items they don’t need and can’t really afford. Ads use up a lot of space and a lot of effort has to be made the ads eye-catching.
Recommendation After looking at both sides of issue, I think we should not have advertisements because they cost a lot of money and take up a lot of room in the papers. I don’t think I find some of them interesting. I mainly disagree because it’s junk mail.

6. Question


  1. Why does the writer present two sides of opinions of advertisements?

a. She/he wants to take side

b. She/he wants to be in the affirmative side

c. She/he uses the opinions to emphasize her own stance

d. She/he wants the readers know the opinion about the issue

e. She/he wants the readers to understand her stance

Answer : D

  1. The writer influences the readers by repeatedly saying that ….

a. The ads are only garbage

b. The ads contain unimportant business information

c. The ads promote unnecessary service products

d. The ads inform us tips of easy shopping

e. The ads become the source of information

Answer : A

  1. “Ads use up a lot of space and a lot of effort has to be made the ads eye-catching. The underlined word is closest in meaning to ….

a. Newsworthy

b. Subtle

c. Plain

d. Impressive

e. Delicate

Answer : D

  1. What is the generic structure of the text?

a. Arguments-Recommendation-Thesis

b. Recommendation-Issue-Arguments-Thesis

c. Issue-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Conclusion

d. Thesis-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Reiteration

e. Reiteration-Arguments-Thesis

Answer : C

  1. “… their shops and they sell more goods.” (paragraph 2) The underlined word refers to ….

a. Buyer

b. Shop owners

c. Readers

d. Writer

e. Advertiser

Answer : C


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